Sets of words non-overlapping on letters
Perhaps you recall the oft-used sentence: The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog. Each of the 26 letters of the English alphabet is used within it. It is not necessarily the most parsimonious such sentence however, since it uses 36 letters to do this. The site A Collection of Word Oddities and Trivia discusses these "pangrams" with considerable thoroughness.
It is thus natural to wonder if there a sentence which uses exactly 26 letters, each different. Alternatively, since one person's poem is another's nonsense, let's forget about sentences -- two people are unlikely to share the same idea of what a sentence is. Let's just go for sets of words.
Going a step further, let's simply outlaw multiple occurrences of letters within the set and see how many distinct letters can be used within a set of words.
Below are several sets of words.
Before each set appears a number (in the range 0-26) representing the count of distinct letters appearing in the word list. The words in the list follow the constraint that no two words share any letters in common and no individual word uses any letter more than once. Letters that are not used in the set are shown in parentheses.
English: Note: several 26 letter solutions can be found at A Collection of Word Oddities and Trivia Page 9 maintained by Jeff Miller who notes the following about a solution apparently contained in the Guiness Book of World Records:
In the 1980s Michael Jones submitted two pangrams to Guinness: "Veldt jynx grimps waqf zho buck" and "Qursh gowf veldt jynx zimb pack." Guinness chose the first one. Michael writes that the second pangram "describes a scene where some Arabian coins are striking a group of flies gathered on that woodpecker. (Qursh can be used as plural according to W3; all my words come from W3). I liked this second pangram more because I preferred using 'qursh' over 'waqf,' but Guinness chose the other one."
24 (vq) 6 words
lymph bugs jinx wrack fez dot
24 (vq) 6 words
lynx craft jump whiz desk bog
25 (q) 6 words
lynx vamp whiz frock debt jugs
24 (qv) 6 words
junk plight combs dry wax fez
23 (kqv) 6 words
myth flax zinc jug pods brew
23 (bvg) 5 words (using q)
quartz jinx lymph docks few
24 (qz) 6 words
frown lymph just vex dig back
19 (hklqvxyz) -- best with three words?
pacify judgments brow
17 (fgjkpqvwz) -- best with two words?
15 (dfjkmqsvwxz)-- best with one word? See for more details.
French 21 (bhjkw)
coq (cock) temps (time) lynx (lynx) vif (alive) dur (hard) gaz (gas)
26/33 (fx(ts)(shch)(ye)(yu)) Russian
rvat1 (to tear)
u(zh) (grass snake)
1 - soft sign
2 - hard sign
The reader is invited to
Let me know David.Dailey@sru.edu