Meaning -- under construction -- thoughts here are just a placeholder for a real explanation to come later.
96 (or so*) semantic primitives (e.g. act (generic verb marker), thing and essence (generic noun markers), value(quality and magnitude), able/possible, universal and existential, poset (brings comparatives for ancestry, modal logic, ethics and spatial process) , person, this/that/yonder (as in Navajo -- enables deixis for person, time, evaluative and space modalities), need, sense, and think; adjectival mark, gender, negation (incl. voidance & reflection), time (including past present and poset/hypothetical), space (including those which are metric but non-dimensional, but certainly including directional vectors in nonmetric spaces flavored by vector bundles) , iteration/extrapolation/completion (for continuative aspects of verbs), number, change, the SFOL conjunctions plus preventative and causitive, ..., , plus an appropriate syntax (parentheses plus crossreferences: i.,e., , graphs), I think, suffices to encode most of the non-molecular cognitive reality of humans (and several hypothetical categories of sentient species ). The molecular world populated by halibut, coca-cola, guitars and rhinos is likely to require an open and extensible format, but plain old human thought as expressed in philosophy, teleology and mechanism is likely not to require much more, until, perhaps, we mutate.
Of course the expressive power of such a system includes undecidable subsystems and likely allows the derivation of contradictions, but humans have generally not been known to implode under exposure to simple contradictions, so that need not be a problem for inference engines.
*I rather doubt that the number is prime, though determining that has been shown to be NP-complete for arbitrary monolingual dictionaries.
Language -- (under construction) -- excerpts of two of my recent communique's on the subject:
"As I see it, SVG is better than Flash or Silverlight or HTML or speech or text or gesture since it provides an opportunity to expand the bandwidth of human communication. The others (because of limitiations on either licensure or fundamental metaphor) just can't go there. The proper authoring tools, are hence, not going to be easy to make. They will be rich, spatial, temporal, semantic, graph theoretic, and declarative -- that much is clear...." [reference]
"Given its emphasis on material displayed on planar devices, and given the intrinsic importance of spatial relations in the presentation of content using a spatial metaphor, SVG's user community may be expected to grow to embrace and support more diversity even than HTML, which at its core is (with the exception of the <table> element and possibly other elements related to spatial arrangement) 1.5 dimensional: that is, its fundamental metaphor consists of written speech (text), with occasional embedded belches of multimedia (<object>, <img>, <audio>, <video>) plus graph theoretic cross-references that provide a modest foray into translinearity. SVG has every bit as much semantic and pragmatic reference to meaning as HTML, it is every bit as hypertextual, but its core metaphor for expression is the plane rather than the line. As such it has come to attract, already, artists, physical and social scientists, and mathematicians whose needs for expression transcend the ability to belch static frames generated elsewhere into an otherwise translinear stream of text. For this community, multidimensional space is not the occasional 2D painting on the wall of an otherwise 1.5 dimensional hypertext, rather for n>=2, n- dimensional space is home. ..." [reference]
What exactly is HTML if not just a fancy theory of punctuation?
Check here for some babble on the topic.
Whence this interest in language, words and meaning arose
Dailey's main page
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The (3,3,4,3,4) tiling employed as background, while embodied as a particular and original expression here, dates from early in the previous millenium, appearing in North African architecture.